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Roadmap to Become a Full Stack Web Developer in 2023

roadmap-to-become-a-full-stack-web-developer-in-2023

Roadmap to Become a Full Stack Web Developer in 2023

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  • 26-Dec-2022

Introduction

Web DeveloperFull Stack Web Developer – How do you feel when you tag yourself with such titles? A long journey takes place to be called by such names. In the beginning, you might feel bored or terrified, but, trust me, this is the most popular and interesting field one should work on. You can also become a web developer provided you know why you want to learn it. According to a study, there are approximately 23 million software developers worldwide and the population growth is going to increase day by day. Now if you don’t know about web development, no worries! All your doubts will get cleared here. 

Who’s a web developer? Those websites which you scroll to are created by none other than web developers. A person who creates amazing websites for businesses and startups. A full-stack web developer looks after both the front-end and the back-end parts. The front-end deals with how the websites look when delivered to the customers while the back-end stores and processes all the data safely. 

1. What is Full Stack Development?

Becoming a full-stack web developer seems daunting, especially if you are entirely new to the field of coding. As a beginner, you might think that you have a whole lot to learn within a short period.

Full Stack development

The languages, frameworks, libraries, and databases, along with everything else required, are considered to be a list of tools for full-stack web development. The easiest way to begin any work is to strategize with a roadmap. A roadmap is the best way to kick-start your attempt to become a full-stack web developer.

Your objective should be to learn the bare minimum skill-set required so that you can start experimenting and honing your learned skills. Once you have mastered the basics, you can go ahead and learn full-stack technologies, which will give you an edge over others. Follow a structured path and equip yourself steadily rather than trying to learn the entire web development spectrum.

2. Scope of a Full Stack Developer

According to the United States Bureau of Labour Statistics, there will be 8,53,000 open job roles for Full Stack Developers by 2024. The multi-dimensional job role will provide you with umpteen job opportunities as companies always optimize resource costs. The year 2022 is considered the best time to build your career as a Full Stack Developer. Companies are looking to hire professionals who know all the layers of an application and can take the entire project leadership.

As a Full Stack Developer, you will be among the highest-paid professionals. As the demand for skilled Full Stack Developers increases, companies are willing to pay handsomely to those with the suitable skill set and diverse field knowledge. According to a survey by Indeed, the average salary for a talented Full Stack Developer is more than that of any other software developer. Your wages would vary depending on your expertise and experience.

Let's find out more about Full Stack Developers.

3. Where to Start?

Full Stack Development is no easy task, so many starters may find it very imposing. The reality is that it would be much easier if you start specializing in either Frontend or Backend and then learning about the other one along the way. Nothing will stop you from learning full-stack development if you have the heart.

The best place to start is by learning a relevant programming language to its core. Understand concepts profoundly and bring them under your command.

4. Things to learn

It is always good to make a roadmap of what you should learn to start by avoiding confusion or wasting time. Some of the critical things that a full-stack developer should know are as follows.

  1. Choosing a Tech Stack
  2. Backend
  3. Frontend
  4. Database
  5. Version Control

4.1 Choosing a Tech Stack

Every company follows its tech stack. The choice of a stack for a full stack web developer depends on the individual goals, performance expected from the application, company requirements, etc

Choosing the right tech stack

Over the years, some tech stacks have become popular, thanks to their extraordinary capabilities and easy-to-use features.

A tech stack comprises frontend technology, backend technology, and database management technology.

4.1.1 Some popular Tech Stacks:

4.1.1.1 MERN stack

Want to master full stack web development? Then dig right into this one!

  1. MongoDB: A NoSQL Database that stores data in binary JSON format (called BSON).
  2. Express: A backend web application framework for Node.js used for designing and building web applications quickly and easily.
  3. React: A JavaScript library that is used for building user interfaces.
  4. Node.js: A server-side JavaScript runtime environment.

4.1.1.2 LAMP stack

You may start with this old school tech stack, but do not wind yourself up too much around this one ;)

  1. Linux: Open-source operating system that is the foundation for this stack model.
  2. Apache: A web server that delivers web content through the internet. One of the popular HTTP clients on the web
  3. MySQL: An open-source database that the scripting language can query to construct a website.
  4. PHP: A Server-side open-source scripting language.

4.1.1.3 MEAN stack

Want to develop robust applications? Then try this one out.

  1. MongoDB: A NoSQL Database that stores data in binary JSON format.
  2. Express: A backend web application framework for Node.js used for designing and building web applications quickly and easily.
  3. Angular.js: A framework for building single-page client applications using HTML and TypeScript. It implements core and optional functionality as a set of TypeScript libraries that you import into your apps.
  4. Node.js: A server-side JavaScript runtime environment.

If you are just getting started, JavaScript-based tech stacks are relatively fun and easy to learn compared to their counterparts like Java or Python.

Once you know the functional elements required for full-stack development, you can always dig into Python-based frameworks (Django/Flask) or Java-based frameworks (Spring/Spring Boot). The requirements vary, but the essence is pretty much the same.

4.2 Backend Development

The back-end is the code that runs on the server, receives client requests, and contains the logic to send the appropriate data back to the client. The back-end also includes the database, which will persistently store all of the data for the application.

This type of web development usually consists of three parts:

  1. A server
  2. An application
  3. A database.

Code written by backend developers communicates information from the database to the browser.

4.2.1 Backend Frameworks

Developers need a back-end framework to create an application. It is the script side of a dynamic application. A lot of options are available for back-end frameworks.

  1. Express: Express.js is a framework used as a web application for Node.js. It is a module of NodeJS. It can be used for apps based on servers that will listen for client connection requests. It can be used for single-page, multi-page, and hybrid web applications. It is fast, easy to use, and assertive.
  2. Django: Django is a high-level Python web framework that follows model-template-view architecture. It is used to simplify the creation of complex, database-driven websites. It is fast and promotes a clean design.
  3. Ruby on Rails: Ruby on Rails is a server-side web application framework based on the Ruby language. It provides default structures for databases, web services, and web pages. It uses model-view-controller architecture. This is comparatively hard to learn as you have to learn multiple and independent concepts.

4.3 Frontend Development

This is the client-side part, i.e., the part of the website with which a user sees and interacts. A developer needs to get creative and innovative with graphics and designs for this part. UI/UX is a challenging task in itself and a crucial task.

Difference between UI (User Interface) and UX (User’s Experience)

1. User Interface (UI)

It deals with how the users interact with the product/service. With a click of a button, the page should respond. The collection of framing of each element with which a user interacts with the web page is known as User Interface. It works on the overall appearance and responsiveness of the website. 

Skills required as a UI designer:

1.       Design principles

2.     Style guides

3.     Teamwork and communication skills

All the elements should be consistent and focus on the visual experience of a website. Responsibilities of a UI designer are – creating visualization of screens, presenting ideas and design solutions, and maintaining documentation of style guidelines. 

2. User Experience (UX)

It deals with the user’s experience with the product/service. From the initial point to the endpoint, it works on the friendliness of the website. Better the architecture and research of the website better are the UX. 

Skills required as a UX designer: 

1.       Problem Solving

2.     Curiosity

3.     Understand audience mindset

It adds a connection between users and the business. Creating a wireframe (structural level design of a website) is a task for UX designers. The responsibilities of UX designers are researching, designing, innovating, and prototyping for a better user experience. 

Start with the theory first then move to the practical implementation part. Web Developers will always be in demand no matter whether you work from anywhere. It is and will always be the best choice for tech-career growth. Go for it and be a fantastic web developer.

 

The main technologies required for frontend development are HTML5, CSS3, and JavaScript (ES6). 

For the real bang, you need to use jQuery, Angular, ReactJs, etc., like libraries/frameworks to make your website trendy!

4.3.1 Frontend Frameworks

Using a framework to construct your website’s front-end has many advantages (and is pretty easy to boot!). These are packages containing pre-written, standardized code in files and folders. They give you a base to build on while still allowing flexibility with the final design.

4.3.1.1 JavaScript frameworks

AngularJS: This is a structural framework for dynamic web apps. The JavaScript-based open-source web framework is maintained by Google and a community of corporations and individuals. They address challenges in a single-page application. It allows the usage of HTML as the template language. Its data-binding and dependency reduce the amount of coding required substantially.

ReactJS: A JavaScript library maintained by Facebook and a group of companies as well as individual developers. React is optimal for fetching fast-changing data that needs to be recorded. It is used for building user interfaces for single-page applications. It allows users to create reusable UI components.

VueJS: This is yet another open-source JavaScript framework for single-page applications and UIs. It is very compact in size and high in performance. The best option for new coders, it offers hand-picked the choicest features of other frameworks like Angular and React. It is known as the most approachable framework today.

4.3.1.2 CSS Frameworks

Bootstrap: An initiative by Twitter, Bootstrap takes credit for introducing responsive design on a large scale. It was the first framework to promote the philosophy of “mobile-first.” No longer was designing for smaller screen sizes a separate project; all you needed to do was include the relevant Bootstrap classes. The design would automatically adjust for different screen sizes.

Bulma: Bulma is a relatively new entrant to the battleground of CSS frameworks and has made a name for itself in a short time. Its attractiveness lies in a strict, CSS-only approach (there are no JavaScript components) and smart defaults, which many developers with a good eye for design have a problem with when working with Bootstrap.

Tailwind CSS: Tailwind CSS is basically a utility-first CSS framework for rapidly building custom user interfaces. It is a highly customizable, low-level CSS framework that gives you all the building blocks you need to develop bespoke designs without any annoying opinionated styles you must fight to override. 

The beauty of tailwind is that it doesn’t impose design specifications or how your site should look; you bring tiny components together to construct a unique user interface. Tailwind takes a ‘raw’ CSS file, processes this CSS file over a configuration file, and produces an output.

4.4 Databases

The database is a collection of data from which we can manage data (store and retrieve). There are two types of databases: relational (SQL) and non-relational (NoSQL).Comparison between SQL and NoSQL

 

Developers should be familiar with all databases, such as MySQL, PostgreSQL, MongoDB, and Cassandra. Additionally, knowledge of caching options such as Redis, Memcached, and Varnish is an absolute plus!

Some Databases:

  1. MySQL, SQLite, Postgres - These are Relational Database management systems, and the data gets stored in table-like schemes. It is suitable for storing business data. These use SQL
  2. MongoDB, Cassandra, Apache storm, Sphinx - These are the NoSQL databases. Their only commonality is that they do not use a relational database scheme. This type of database covers a wide range of technologies and can be used to find key-value DB, graph DBs, streaming DBs, etc.
  3. VoltDB and MemSQL - These are a new kind of database, the NewSQL. They follow the relational scheme, but instead of disks, they use memory. The advantage is that they outperform the traditional RDBMS, but the limited amount of memory is a downside to this type of database.

4.5 Version Control

Every product/application goes through many versions and revisions before being compiled and deployed. A version control system like GitHub (popular), GitLab, and Apache Subversion should be learned and used.

Using version control is a common practice and one of the good habits a developer should possess.

  1. Git - If you’re looking for a widely used modern version control system to fit your needs, Git is a great option. It is actively maintained and open-sourced, created by the same founder of the Linux operating system. Each developer with a working copy of the code can easily access the complete history of the changes, making it easy to edit and restore the code. Git is the most high-performing, flexible, and secure among any back-end developer skills list.

4.6 Some Additional skills to possess

  1. SSH- Secure shell protocol is used to operate network services securely over an unsecured network. SSH provides a secured remote login from one computer to another. It ensures the privacy and integrity of data.
  2. HTTP/HTTPS- HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is the protocol used by the world wide web. It defines how messages are transmitted and how actions are taken by web servers and browsers when responding to commands. HTTPS is the secured version of HTTP. Here, the communication protocol is encrypted using Transport Layer Security. It ensures protection against man-in-the-middle attacks and eavesdropping.
  3. Linux command- line basic-Although it is not mandatory to possess this skill, it is good to know about Linux. It is not necessarily easy or hard to learn. Linux makes the job easier and saves time by organizing items on the backend.
  4. Data structures and algorithms- Data structures are different ways of storing data, while an algorithm is a generic methodology to solve a problem or requirement. Every programmer needs to be familiar with these concepts. These are not core skills, but the more intuitive you are, the easier it is to solve issues or add requirements. You can feel the impact on an application's efficiency, scalability, and performance. As a full-stack developer, these courses will help you immensely.
5. Final Note on becoming a Full-Stack Developer

Full-stack software development has recently seen a surge in almost every large and small organization. This roadmap lets you know all the basic and intermediate skills required to become a successful full-stack developer. The more skills you gain, the more your profile gets noticed. Engineering graduates who are looking for better career growth and a good salary can opt for such courses.‍

 

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